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Surface mining - definition of Surface mining by The Free ...

Define Surface mining. Surface mining synonyms, Surface mining pronunciation, Surface mining translation, English dictionary definition of Surface mining. n. An open mine, especially a coal mine, whose seams or outcrops run close to ground level and are …

What is Surface Mining? (with pictures) - wisegeek.com

Apr 03, 2019· Surface mining is a method of mining used to extract minerals and metals which are near the surface of the Earth. There are three basic types of surface mining: open pit mining, strip mining, and quarry mining. These methods are much more economical than underground mining, …

Surface Mining | Encyclopedia.com

Surface mining techniques are used when a vein of coal or other substance lies so close to the surface that it can be mined with bulldozers, power shovels, and trucks instead of using deep shaft mines, explosive devices, or coal gasification techniques. Surface mining is especially useful when the ...

What is Strip Mining? (with pictures) - wisegeek.com

Apr 24, 2019· Strip mining is a type of surface mining which involves the removal of a thin layer of material known as an "overburden" to access buried deposits of useful minerals.This type of mining is only effective in areas where mineral deposits are very close to the surface, making it feasible to quickly and easily remove the overburden to get to them.

Surface Mining Methods and Equipment

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CIVIL ENGINEERING – Vol. II - Surface Mining Methods and Equipment - J. Yamatomi and S. Okubo ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) SURFACE MINING METHODS AND EQUIPMENT J. Yamatomi and S. Okubo University of Tokyo, Japan Keywords: Mining method, surface mining, open pit mining, open cast mining, placer mining, solution mining…

How to use "surface mining" in a sentence - WordHippo

By 1912, surface mining was conducted with steam shovels designed for coal mining. Also called open pit mining, surface mining is removing minerals in formations that are at or near the surface. Surface mining involves quarrying which is excavating minerals by means of …

Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia ...

After mining. On the right side, the same watershed is shown after the mountain rock layers have been removed, crushed, and deposited in the stream valley. Flat surfaces of remaining rock layers are less permeable, producing higher surface runoff into a flood control …

Surface mining - Wikipedia

Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.. Surface mining began in the mid-sixteenth century [dubious ...

Surface mining | Britannica.com

Surface mining: Surface mining, method of extracting minerals near the surface of the Earth. The three most common types of surface mining are open-pit mining, strip mining, and quarrying. See also mining and coal

Surface mining _____. is more destructive than underground ...

Surface mining permanently destroys the environment. It is a broad type of mining in which soil and rock over the mineral deposit are removed. It is a method used to mine coal near the surface of the Earth. It makes use of hydrological and civil engineering techniques.

Office of Surface Mining

The U.S. Government's Official Website for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE). OSMRE's business practices are to reclaim abandoned mine lands (Title IV), regulate active coal mines (Title V), and apply sound science through technology transfer.

Surface Mining, Industry of Metals, Minerals, Precious ...

Surface mining is a form of mining in which the soil and the rock covering the mineral deposits are removed. It is the other way of underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left behind, and the required mineral deposits are removed through shafts or tunnels.

An Introduction To Surface Mining - AZoMining.com

Mar 08, 2018· These surface mining methods are considered to be more efficient and economical in extracting minerals as compared to most methods of underground mining. In fact, it can extract almost 90% of ore from a deposit. For this reason, surface mining is the most widely used method in North …

Surface Mining Law and Legal Definition | USLegal, Inc.

Surface Mining Law and Legal Definition. Surface mining is a type of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed. It is used when deposits of commercially useful minerals or rock are found near the surface. Surface mining is safer than underground mining because the miners are not exposed to such ...

Vol 40, No 1 - Surface Mining of Coal - The Kansas School ...

SURFACE MINING OF COAL by John Richard Schrock. WHAT IS SURFACE MINING? Surface mining is an efficient method for mining some minerals, especially coal, from deposits near the surface. It uses very large equipment to strip away overlying material, extract the coal, and then fill in the mined valleys.

Surface Mining Methods - ILO Encyclopaedia

Conventional Methods of Surface Mining. Open-pit mining and strip mining are the two major categories of surface mining which account for more than 90% worldwide surface mining production. The primary differences between these mining methods are the location of the ore body and the mode of mechanical extraction.

Surface Mining | Sustainable Development & Environmental ...

Surface mines offer advantages and disadvantages when compared to underground mining. Amongst the advantages are that it is cheaper, can recover more of the resource (usually up to within the mining excavation), is safer and can use larger-scale mining equipment offering higher production rates.

Differences in Subsurface and Surface Mining - YouTube

Apr 30, 2017· -- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. PowToon is a free ...

What Is Subsurface Mining? | Reference.com

Subsurface mining is the removal of deposits from the earth by drilling underneath layers of rock and dirt. These deposits are difficult to reach from the surface and require the drilling of vertical or horizontal shafts for access.

what is surface mining (with pictures) - orionprogramma.nl

Surface mining - Wikipedia. Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels..

Underground v.s. Surface Coal Mines: Is Deep Drilling ...

Strip mining is sensible when the ore body is near the surface. The practice includes some of the largest machines on earth, removing long strips of overlying soil and rock and then removing coal deposits. Open-pit mining utilizes blasting and mineral removing, …

What Is Surface Mining? | Convergence Training

What Is Surface Mining? The Definition. So what's the definition of surface mining? As stated by GreatMining.com, it's: Surface mining is a form of mining in which the soil and the rock covering the mineral deposits are removed. It is the other way of underground mining, in which the overlying rock …

Mining - examples, body, used, water, process, Earth, life ...

Mining is the process by which commercially valuable mineral resources are extracted (removed) from Earth's surface. These resources include ores (minerals usually containing metal elements), precious stones (such as diamonds), building stones (such as granite), and solid fuels (such as coal).

Mining | Britannica.com

Mining: Mining, process of extracting useful minerals from the surface of the Earth, including the seas. A mineral, with a few exceptions, is an inorganic substance occurring in nature that has a definite chemical composition and distinctive physical properties or molecular structure. (One organic

Surface Mining | Environmental Protection Division

The Surface Mining Unit reviews applications and approves surface mining land use plans, issues surface mining permits, conducts compliance evaluations of surface mining operations, reviews and approves bonding requirements for surface mining operations and ensures reclamation of completed mining operations.Related Links

What is surface mining - answers.com

Surface mining is used where the ore or material to be extracted is located fairly close to the surface. The overlying ground cover is removed, the material is mined, and the ground cover is ...

The Actual Difference Between Surface and Underground Mining

Feb 23, 2018· In surface mining, the ore is accessed directly from the Earth's surface, and contact is maintained with the surface throughout the operation. Underground or subsurface mining is accomplished with the help of tunnels going into the Earth, and does not occur on the surface…

What does Surface mining mean? - Definitions.net

Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit are removed. It is the opposite of underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, …

Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia | US EPA

Coal is mined in Appalachia by both surface and underground mining techniques. Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West ia, ia ...

What does surface mine mean? definition, meaning and ...

Definition of surface mine in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Meaning of surface mine. What does surface mine mean? Proper usage and pronunciation (in phonetic transcription) of the word surface mine. Information about surface mine in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms.